As Canada is set to legally permit recreational use of cannabis on October 17th, many employers are facing challenges as to how to address the issue. With some organizations banning use entirely for “safety sensitive” jobs, others are taking a less restrictive approach, requiring employees to ensure that they are “ready to work” and leaving it at that. Many of Canada’s small enterprises (representing 98% of employer businesses) lack the resources and expertise to address this complex issue, while some large organizations have indicated that their cannabis related policies are still being developed. This represents a significant problem.
In general terms, employers must adequately manage risk in order to ensure the safety and viability of their company, the welfare of staff members, and that customers receive the products, services, and care that should be associated with their purchase. This includes establishing standards for how work is done, of which the human resource aspect is a critical component.
It is recognized that substances that cause impairment could impact a person’s ability to perform a job; this is the first part of the challenge, with the second being related to measurement. Although monitoring compliance with some standards is relatively easy, such as in the case of an employee being required to wear safety equipment, measuring impairment is much more difficult. Those with expertise in this area have indicated that obtaining reliable and relevant results when measuring cannabis consumption and impairment is problematic, with the appropriate technology not currently available.
For business leaders who have not yet addressed this area, given the level of urgency of putting appropriate policies in place, an efficient path to answers is to contact a qualified human resources advisor or your legal counsel. Since policies should typically be researched, drafted, vetted, approved, and communicated in advance of when they are needed, it is critical to take action now. Failing to do so could result in uncertainty, poor decision making, and what could be costly mistakes.
In terms of the markets, some of last week’s volatility relates to global trade uncertainty and conflict, such as in the case of the US and China. Economies, however, have many components, including the potential impact of tariff, purchasing, investment, and employment levels, among others (current factor of interest at the White House: interest rates). With some considering this sell off as one that has been in the works for a while, it’s important to keep these fluctuations in perspective and recognize that performance is still positive over the past year. Lots to think about and monitor over the coming months.
Thanks, CBC, and see you again soon!